This plague is directly against the goddess named Heqt, who was the consort of the god Khnum. Khnum was credited as fashioning man out of clay. Heqt was associated with fertility and assisted women in childbirth. In this, it could also be taken as retribution for the decree ordering midwives to kill the newborn males at birth (Ex 1:15)
We have in this passage the magicians being able to add to the frogs, but unable to take them away. Pharaoh then, for the first time, acknowledges YHWH and asks Moses to intercede that He shall take the frogs from the land. This is also the beginning of the masses of animals being plagues, or even the animals themselves being plagued.
I should admit that this plague brings questions for me that I cannot answer. For example, the only places in the Old Testament that mention frogs are here and other passages looking back upon the Ten Plagues. In the New Testament, the only place where frogs are mentioned is when Satan, the beast, and the false prophet belch frog-demons up to go out to the nations and fool them into gathering for the war of Armageddon. Frogs are never mentioned in good connotation. What is it that frogs represent in the Hebrew mind? Even in the testimony of Nicky Cruz (Run Baby Run), he mentions being a son of a witch doctor, who would draw out demons with frogs.
Is there something happening that John is comprehending, and therefore calls these creatures “frogs” in Revelation 16:12-16 as a hint, or is it legitimately frogs that he saw in his vision? Either way, it still brings connection of this second plague and the sixth bowl of wrath. Why the connection? What is it about frogs and their usage in Scripture that helps us to understand the significance of both passages?
The other thing that sticks out to me (sorry for not having an answer to the question above…) is verse 13. Moses had just asked Pharaoh when he shall pray, so that Pharaoh would know that it is the LORD who is truly God. Moses was not submitting to Pharaoh’s authority, but rather was allowing Pharaoh to be the one who makes the decision. In this way, there shall be a witness to Pharaoh that his gods are not gods. If Pharaoh says, “Tomorrow”, and yet it isn’t until three days later that the frogs depart, then he has every right to claim the God is Israel is nothing.
Thus, we have Moses submitting to the word of Pharaoh in this, and then in verse 13 we have God submitting to the word of Moses…
Behold the humility of God.
There is no reason why God must be subject to anything that Pharaoh declares, and yet here we have His mercy and humility shown. He condescends to even Pharaoh, so that all of Egypt, Pharaoh included, might know that there is a God in heaven, and it is not their gods that they worship. The LORD heeded the word of Moses, and that kind of relationship doesn’t come easily. Just as God did not allow any of Samuel’s words to fall to the ground later, so too do we find in this story that God has respect for the words of Moses. And why? It is because Moses has respect for God’s words, and Moses heeded God’s words. Therefore, God bestows honor upon Moses’ words in such a way that you cannot tell when it is God’s words or Moses’ words, and it doesn’t matter, because they have become one and the same.
What is it that is holding us back from that kind of relationship and prudence?