In the rewards for obedience, we find that many (but not all) can be paralleled with messianic prophecies. The prophets saw a time when the messiah would come, and during that age, the messiah would bring a time where these blessings would abound.
“If you follow my decrees and are careful to obey my commands, I will send rain in its season, and the ground will yield its crops and the trees of the field their fruit. Your threshing will continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until planting, and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land.”
Compare this with Ezekiel 36:30, Joel 2:19-26, and Amos 9:11-15:
“I will increase the fruit of the trees and the crops of the field, so that you will no longer suffer disgrace among the nations because of famine.” “The Lord will reply to them: ‘I am sending you grain, new wine and oil, enough to satisfy you fully; never again will I make you an object of scorn to the nations. I will drive the northern army far from you, pushing it into a parched and barren land, with its front columns going into the eastern sea and those in the rear into the western sea. And its stench will go p; its smell will rise.’ Surely he has done great things. Be not afraid, O land; be glad and rejoice. Surely the Lord has done great things. Be not afraid, O wild animals, for the open pastures are becoming green. The trees are bearing their fruit; the fig tree and the vine yield their riches. Be glad, O people of Zion, rejoice in the Lord your God, for he has given you the autumn rains in righteousness. He sends you abundant showers, both autumn and spring rains, as before. The threshing floors will be filled with grain; the vats will overflow with new wine and oil. I will repay you for the years the locusts have eaten – the great locust and the young locust, the other locusts and the locust swarm – my great army that I sent among you. You will have plenty to eat, until you are full, and you will praise the name of the Lord your God, who has worked wonders for you; never again will my people be shamed. Then you will know that I am in Israel, that I am the Lord your God, and that there is no other; never again will my people be shamed.”
“In that day I will restore David’s fallen tent. I will repair its broken places, restore its ruins, and build it as it used to be, so that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations that bear my name, declares the Lord, who will do all these things. The days are coming, declares the Lord, when the reaper will be overtaken by the plowman and the planter by the one treading grapes. New wine will drip from the mountains and flow from all the hills. I will bring back my exiled people Israel; they will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them. They will plant vineyards and drink their wine; they will make gardens and eat their fruit. I will plant Israel in their own land, never again to be uprooted from the land I have given them, says the Lord your God.”
Notice that all three of these passages cannot be debated as to when this will take place for Israel. None of the prophets spoke that this sort of manifestation should take place before the coming of the messiah and the destruction of the “northern army” (the Antichrist).
Continuing in Leviticus, “I will grant peace in the land, and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid. I will remove savage beasts from the land, and sword will not pass through your country.”
See Hosea 2:18-20 and Ezekiel 34:25:
“In that day I will make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field and the birds of the air and the creatures that move along the ground. Bow and sword and battle I will abolish from the land, so that all may lie down in safety. I will betroth you in righteousness and justice, in love and compassion. I will betroth you in faithfulness, and you will acknowledge the Lord.” “I will make a covenant of peace with them and rid the land of wild beasts so that they may live in safety.”
Once again, notice the context of both of these passages. The one in Hosea speaks of the marriage of the Lamb, while the one in Ezekiel speaks of the judgment of the wicked shepherds and establishing of David (the messiah Jesus) as their shepherd over them.
In Leviticus 26:7-8, we read, “You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall by the sword before you. Five of you will chase a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand, and your enemies will fall by the sword before you.” Notice the sole messianic prophecy that speaks regarding this, which has the context of Jesus’ return, “On that day the Lord will shield those who live in Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the angel of the Lord going before them.”
Verses 9-10 read, “I will look on you with favor and make you fruitful and increase you numbers, and I will keep my covenant with you. You will still be eating last year’s harvest when you will have to move it out to make room for the new.” Once again, we saw in passages like Amos 9:11-15 and Joel 2:19-27 that this will indeed take place when Jesus returns at the end of the age. God kept his promise while David ruled as well. It is not that Israel’s history is utterly bankrupt of these promises, but that the vast majority of the Old Testament does indeed seem to speak otherwise.
“I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you. I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt so that you would no longer be slaves to the Egyptians; I broke the bars of your yoke and enabled you to walk with heads held high.”
We know that God chose Jerusalem for His dwelling place, but when have we seen that God would “walk among” the Israelites? This is an allusion back to the verse in Genesis 3, where God walks in the Garden “in the cool of the day” (verse 8). There is only one time in history that we can say this has happened, and only one time in the future that we can say that this will take place forever. Isaiah 9:6-7 reads, “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness.”
Notice in the text of Isaiah that the prophet declares, “to us a child is born.” This implies a human child, by the way. Yet, of this child, we read that one of the things he shall be called is “Mighty God.” How can a mere man be called “Mighty God”? There is only one way: incarnation. For the Jews that say, “God is not a man”, they have a lot of explaining to do. Here we find that this messianic figure is supposed to be human, a man-child, and yet is also supposed to be divine, “Mighty God.” They are both in the same figure: the one who is to reign on David’s throne. Who is this “man”?
The only way in which God can walk among the Israelites (as spoken in Leviticus 26:12) is that He becomes man and dwells among them. This actually happened in history, and the man was named Yeshuah – Jesus in English. There awaits a specific time – an appointed time – when this man will return to earth to dwell with His Bride, and to set up His Kingdom over all the earth, and to rule from Jerusalem. While the rewards for obedience in Leviticus 26 were not prophetic words, but promises, we do find the prophets seeing in these words prophetic significance. Every prophecy of the later prophets stems out from the Torah somehow. Most of the time it comes from Leviticus and Deuteronomy – the book of Revelations not being excluded. When we look at the punishment for disobedience, we will find the same to be true regarding these judgments.